US Supreme Court Opinions by Chief Justice and Year :: US LAW US Supreme Court Center
US Supreme Court Opinions by way of Chief Justice and Year
Browse USLaw.Site’s unfastened collection of full text U.S. Supreme Court opinions through year, from 1759–Present, prepared through Chief Justice.
The Roberts Court (2005 – Present)
Appointed via President George W. Bush, Chief Justice John G. Roberts first presided over the Court on October 3, 2005, the first day of the 2005–2006 Term. President Bush had at the beginning nominated him as an associate justice to replace Justice Sandra Day O’Connor, however after the demise of Chief Justice William Rehnquist in the course of Roberts’s nomination hearings, President Bush withdrew the nomination and re-nominated him to the location of Chief Justice.
Notable instances from the Roberts court encompass: Gonzales v. Carhart (abortion), Ashcroft v. Iqbal (civil process), Citizens United v. FEC (marketing campaign finance), District of Columbia v. Heller (gun manipulate), and United States v. Windsor (equal-intercourse marriage).
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
The Rehnquist Court (1986 – 2005)
William Rehnquist become appointed as an associate justice of the Supreme Court with the aid of President Richard Nixon, starting his tenure on the Supreme Court in 1972. Upon the retirement of Chief Justice Warren Burger in 1986, President Ronald Reagan nominated Justice Rehnquist to replace Burger as Chief Justice. Chief Justice Rehnquist served in that capability until his death in 2005. Ideologically, Chief Justice Rehnquist was recognised for a view of federalism that emphasized states’ rights. His turned into the first Court since the Thirties to strike down an act of Congress as exceeding its energy below the Commerce Clause.
Some of the maximum recognised instances from the Rehnquist Court encompass: Texas v. Johnson (loose speech), Planned Parenthood v. Casey (abortion), United States v. Lopez (federalism), Bush v. Gore (election regulation), Lawrence v. Texas (LGBT rights), Grutter v. Bollinger (affirmative motion), and McConnell v. FEC (marketing campaign finance).
1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
1986 1987 1988 1989
The Burger Court (1969 – 1986)
Warren Burger succeeded Earl Warren as Chief Justice while the latter retired in 1969. Appointed via President Richard Nixon, Warren Burger, although himself seemed as conservative, inherited a incredibly liberal Court. Often defined as a “transitional” courtroom, the Burger Court bridged the greater liberal Warren Court with the extra conservative Rehnquist Court that accompanied.
Notable cases from the Burger Court consist of: New York Times v. United States (freedom of the clicking), Roe v. Wade (abortion), United States v. Nixon (government privilege), Gregg v. Georgia (death penalty), and Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (affirmative movement).
1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979
The Warren Court (1953 – 1969)
Formerly the governor of California, Earl Warren became appointed to Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court by means of President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1953 after the unexpected demise of Chief Justice Fred Vinson. The Warren Court became appreciably liberal in its ideology, issuing some landmark choices affecting civil rights, separation of church and country, and police arrest methods.
Some of the landmark choices by means of the Warren Court include: Brown v. Board of Education (racial segregation), Gideon v. Wainwright (proper to recommend), Baker v. Carr (election regulation), Reynolds v. Sims (election law), Miranda v. Arizona (criminal manner).
1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959
The Vinson Court (1946 – 1953)
President Harry S. Truman appointed Fred Vinson to the location of Chief Justice in 1946, as the successor of Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone, who died in office. Chief Justice Vinson is the ultimate Chief Justice to had been nominated with the aid of a Democratic president.
Among the exceptional choices made with the aid of the Vinson Court are: Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer (separation of powers), United States v. Reynolds (kingdom secrets and techniques privilege), and Sweatt v. Painter (racial segregation).
1946 1947 1948 1949
The Stone Court (1941 – 1946)
Nominated by using President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harlan F. Stone succeeded Chief Justice Hughes as Chief Justice in 1941 after the latter retired from office. Chief Justice Stone turned into the first of his role now not to have formerly served in an elected workplace and is the most effective justice to have occupied each function of seniority at the Supreme Court.
Among the tremendous selections rendered by means of the Stone Court are: Korematsu v. United States (Japanese internment camps), International Shoe Co. v. Washington (non-public jurisdiction), and Pinkerton v. United States (criminal law).
The Hughes Courts (1930 – 1941)
Charles Hughes changed into nominated to be the eleventh Chief Justice by way of President Herbert Hoover in 1930. Chief Justice Hughes had been the Republican nominee for the 1916 U.S. presidential election, dropping via a small margin to Woodrow Wilson, and he had additionally served as an associate justice on the U.S. Supreme Court from 1910 to 1916. The Hughes Court become regarded for upholding legislation protective civil rights and civil liberties, and for resisting President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s try to p.c. the Court in 1937 thru the Judiciary Reorganization Bill. After the unsuccessful try and % the Court, Justice Owen Roberts, who had previously sided with the conservative justices, started out to vote with the liberal justices. This transfer marked an quit to the so-referred to as Lochner era (named for the 1905 case Lochner v. New York), a duration for the duration of which the Court tended to strike down efforts by way of Congress to modify commercial enterprise and alternate.
Notable case from this period of the Supreme Court consist of: Near v. Minnesota (freedom of speech), A.L.A. Schecter Poultry Corp. v. United States (separation of powers), Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins (civil procedure), and West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish (minimum salary).
1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939
The Taft Court (1921 – 1930)
Appointed by President Warren G. Harding, Chief Justice William H. Taft is the only character to have served as each the President of the USA (1909 – 1913) and Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1921 – 1930).
1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929
The White Court (1910 – 1921)
Edward Douglas White turned into appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1910 by means of President William Taft after the death of Chief Justice Melville W. Fuller. Chief Justice White is excellent known for setting up the Rule of Reason preferred utilized in antitrust law.
Among the high-quality instances decided with the aid of the White Court are: Weeks v. United States (exclusionary rule), Schenck v. United States (unfastened speech), Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. United States (antitrust).
1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919
The Fuller Court (1888 – 1910)
Appointed with the aid of President Grover Cleveland, Melville Fuller served because the eighth Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court until his death in 1910.
1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909
1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899
The Waite Court (1874 – 1888)
Morrison Waite changed into nominated as Chief Justice with the aid of President Ulysses S. Grant in 1874 after the death of Chief Justice Salmon Chase. The Waite Court changed into acknowledged for decoding the Reconstruction Amendments (the thirteenth, 14th, and 15th Amendments) narrowly, and strengthening states’ rights in the aftermath of the Civil War.
Some of the most vital cases determined by using the Waite Court consist of: Munn v. Illinois (agricultural regulation), the Civil Rights Cases (racial discrimination), Pennoyer v. Neff (non-public jurisdiction), United States v. Cruikshank (balloting rights), and Reynolds v. United States (polygamy).
1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879
The Chase Court (1864 – 1874)
Salmon P. Chase turned into nominated to the position of Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court by President Abraham Lincoln in 1864. Chief Justice Chase presided at the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson in 1868, and his Court turned into regarded for helping the rights of African Americans.
1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
The Taney Court (1836 – 1864)
Nominated by using President Andrew Jackson, Roger Taney succeeded John Marshall as Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court after Marshall’s death in 1835. Taney’s Court drastically upheld a robust federal authorities and independent judiciary, but it changed into during Taney’s tenure that the Court additionally issued its notorious Dred Scott choice in 1857.
1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859
1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849
1836 1837 1838 1839
The Marshall Court (1801 – 1835)
John Marshall changed into nominated as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court by means of President John Adams in 1801 to prevail Chief Justice Oliver Ellsworth. The Marshall Court is understood for laying the muse of U.S. constitutional law and turned into instrumental in giving the Supreme Court energy equal to that of the other two branches of presidency. To date, Chief Justice Marshall is the longest-serving Chief Justice in the Supreme Court’s records. Perhaps maximum drastically, the Marshall Court is chargeable for setting up the principle of judicial review, whereby the federal courts are empowered to strike down laws that violate the Constitution.
Among the maximum influential reviews by means of the Marshall Court are: Marbury v. Madison (judicial evaluate), Fletcher v. Peck (constitutional regulation), McCulloch v. Maryland (constitutional regulation), Cohens v. Virginia (Supremacy Clause), Gibbons v. Ogden (Commerce Clause), Johnson v. M’Intosh (assets regulation), Worcester v. Georgia (federal Indian law), and Dartmouth College v. Woodward (corporate regulation).
1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829
1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819
1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809
The Jay, Rutledge, and Ellsworth Courts (1789 – 1800)
Nominated by using President George Washington, John Jay turned into the primary Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, serving from 1789 to 1795. He changed into succeeded by means of John Rutledge, who served as Chief Justice for only six months, appointed at some stage in a congressional recess period in June 1795 after Chief Justice Jay retired to serve as governor of New York. The Senate rejected his appointment in December 1795, and he became succeeded with the aid of Oliver Ellsworth, one of the drafters of the Constitution. Chief Justice Ellsworth served till his resignation in 1800.
Among the incredible choices of those Courts have been: Hylton v. United States (judicial overview), Hollingsworth v. Virginia (separation of powers), Calder v. Bull (ex put up facto), New York v. Connecticut (original jurisdiction), Talbot v. Jansen (citizenship), and Chisolm v. Georgia (judicial overview).
1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799
Prior Cases (1759 – 1789)
Although the U.S. Supreme Court became installed in 1789 via the Judiciary Act of 1789, a few choices were rendered through courts before 1801.
The first 4 volumes of U.S. Reports had been compiled by means of A. J. Dallas. The first volume (additionally stated as 1 Dallas) most effective blanketed cases from courts in Pennsylvania, such as the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, the Court of Oyer and Terminer at Philadelphia, the High Court of Errors and Appeals of Pennsylvania, and the Court of Common Pleas, Philadelphia County. Volumes II through IV featured instances from the United States Supreme Court, however still blanketed decisions from numerous Pennsylvania courts. In general, those opinion from Pennsylvania courts span the duration from to 1754 - 1806.